What Different Broadband Types Are There?

What Different Broadband Types Are There?


From traditional to superfast to ultrafast. It seems all broadband providers are throwing around terms to describe all sorts of different speeds on offer. As we enter the age of ultrafast broadband what will the next stage be? Warpspeed broadband?  Maybe not just yet but what we can do is look at the core broadband types and shed some light on yet more technology jargon.


Traditional Broadband


When broadband services over a telephone line were originally launched they supported speeds of only 0.5MB (512KB) using the Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) protocol. Later, faster up to 8MB ADSL Max services were launched and were the standard for many years.


All broadband capable telephone exchanges can at least achieve up to 8MB services, although whether you’ll be able to achieve these speeds will depend on how far you are from the exchange, with the longest phone lines having much lower speeds.



High Speed Broadband


The current standard broadband service over a copper telephone line uses a technology called ADSL2+, which offered a significant boost to the up to 8MBS services, theoretically allowing a maximum speed of up to 24MB (or 20MB in real world use).


As such, when it first launched, this service was marketed as ‘high speed broadband’. This term is still in use despite higher speed services now being available and represents a service that offers a maximum speed of more than 8MB but less than 25MB.



Superfast Broadband


The next speed tier up from ‘high speed’ services exceeded the speeds available over just a copper phone line by making use of fibre optics as far as the street cabinet. This limited the distance covered using telephone lines or metal cables.


The first of these services was launched over a cable service, initially offering speeds of up to 50MB. There has since been an equivalent technology launched through telephone street cabinets and phone lines (known as FTTC or ‘fibre to the cabinet’) that initially offered speeds of up to 40MB, but now offers doubled speeds of up to 80MB.


As such, broadband marketed as ‘superfast’ usually represents part fibre services with speeds of more than 25MB but not usually in excess of 80MB.




Ultrafast Broadband


Ultrafast broadband represents the next step up in broadband technology from up to 80Mb fibre to the cabinet services, to usually 100Mb and more. Ultrafast broadband is delivered using Fibre To The Premises (FTTP) and is starting to be rolled out across the UK.


This low cost broadband service is essential for businesses as it can provide download speeds of up to 330Mbps, without too large an increase in monthly cost from Standard Broadband.




Airefibre and Ultra-fast Broadband


We are committed to help drive fast internet access for all in Wales. Whilst we are still covering Cardiff and the surrounding area at this present moment, our engineers are working closely with partners, councils, landowners and others to start broadcasting ultra-fast broadband to rural areas. We also recently partnered up with the Radisson Blu in the centre of Cardiff, meaning our transmitters are now on top of their 63 Metre tower, giving us a wider reach not only in the city but also in a 30 mile radius. 


Our technology is different in the way that we can beam high speed internet direct to your premises at speeds of up to 200 Mbps download and upload, compared to the standard connection which is up to 30 Mbps. We’re a Welsh business leading a technology revolution in Wales. Let’s work together. 


Get in touch to see how we can help.



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